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Brick Bonds

stretcher – flemish – english – american

Stretcher Bond

Strectcher Brick Bond

Stretcher bond is the commonest bond used today and the least interesting in appearance. It can be made more interesting by laying a course of different coloured bricks or to lay such bricks to form a pattern on a wall.

Flemish Bond

Flemish Brick Bond

Flemish bond consists of alternating headers and stretchers along each course with the headers centred on the stretchers above and below.

English Bond

English Brickwork  Bond

English bond consists of alternating courses of headers and stretchers, with the alternative headers centred over and under the vertical joints of the stretchers.

American common bond

American common brick bond

American common bond is similar to the English Bond but the courses of headers are separated by approximately five courses of stretchers.

Stretcher Bond Brick Walls

English bond Flemish bond

Basic brickwork - This page shows the stretcher bonds for simple brick walls. Walls built using the traditional Stretcher bond are just a half brick wide. As with any wall built of brick, no two adjacent vertical joints should be in line.

With a straight wall this is not a problem, just offset each course by half a brick.

When turning a corner at the end of a straight run again causes no problems, just interlock the two runs of bricks on every other course.

When joining into a wall part way along the wall, it’s necessary to use two 3/4 bats (coloured red – one on either side) on the main face of the wall on every other course.

Bricks and Bats

Bricks and bats

Stretcher Bond Walls with Piers

Walls build using the traditional stretcher bond are just a half brick wide and as such are relatively unstable and generally if they are higher than about 40 cm (5 courses), piers are required to strengthen them.

Basic brickwork - This page shows the stretcher bonds for simple brick walls with piers. As with any wall built of brick, no two adjacent vertical joints should be in line.

For piers at the ends of a wall, the first (and alternate) course should have two full bricks placed at right-angles to the run of the wall. The second (and alternate) course should use two 3/4 bats (coloured red) in the face of the wall and a full brick behind.

For piers in the run of the wall, the first (and alternate) course needs a ‘Queen Closer’ (coloured blue) in the face of the all with two 3/4 bats behind. The second (and alternate) course uses full bricks in the face and a full brick behind.

The piers can be strengthened by embedding a piece of mat reinforcement into the mortar of alternate courses.

Bricks and Bats

Bricks and bats

Stretcher Bond for free standing Brick Piers

A free standing brick pier (or isolated pier as it is sometimes called) is a pillar of brickwork not connected to a wall. It can be used to carry the ends of beams to form a pergola, the base of a sundial or bird bath, or for hanging garden gates.

Basic brickwork - This page shows the stretcher bonds for simple free standing brick piers. Piers vary in size (both in width and height) and types of bond used.

On this page we show a couple of simple stretcher bond piers, Both designs only use full bricks so there is no need for the bricklayer to cut any bricks.

The bricks will leave a hollow centre which should be filled with concrete once the mortar has been allowed to harden (wet concrete will exert an internal pressure which could cause the brick mortar to fail if the concrete is inserted too soon).

The centre concrete should be inserted in one go so that it can form one block of from the base of the pier to the top without any weak joints within the concrete. If considered necessary, steel reinforcing rods can be inserted into the centre concrete fill.

Bricks and Bats

Bricks and bats

Flemish Bond Brick Walls

english bond stretcher bond

Basic brickwork - This page shows the flemish bonds for simple brick walls. Garden walls built using Flemish bond are one bricks wide. As with any wall built of brick, no two adjacent vertical joints should be in line.

With a straight wall this is not a problem, just offset each course so that the header bricks are centred on the stretcher bricks on the course below.

When turning a corner at the end of a straight run, a Queen Closer (coloured blue) is required on each course.

Joining into a wall part way along the wall, is the same as for the end turn except that a Queen Closer is only needed on every other course.

Single brick thickness Flemish Bond Use Flemish bond for a half brick width wall can give a decorative finish but does require the use of quite a few half bats (coloured green) and three quarter bats (coloured red).

Bricks and Bats

Bricks and bats

English Bond Brick Walls

stretcher bond flemish bond

Basic brickwork - This page shows the english  bonds for simple brick walls. Garden walls built using English bond are one brick wide. As with any wall built of brick, no two adjacent vertical joints should be in line.

With a straight wall this is not a problem, it’s just alternate courses of headers and stretchers with each joint on the stretcher course centred on a header brick on the course below.

When turning a corner at the end of a straight run needs the use of a Queen Closer (coloured blue) on each course.

Joining into a wall part way along the wall, is the same as for the end turn except that a Queen Closer is only needed on every other course.

Bricks and Bats

C}ueen Three Cpu Half porter

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